At the same time, Articles 3 and 4 of the Paris Agreement provide that all parties implement and communicate ambitious efforts as NSDAP (planned national contributions should be converted to NDC in 2018) to respond to global climate change. The efforts of all parties will be a progression over time and the possibility of integrating biodiversity into national contexts in the fight against climate change and adaptation to climate change is considerable. The UN Environment Programme`s (UNEP) Global Emissions Deficits Report 2016 estimates that it will be between 3 and 12 GtCO2 and 2030 by 2025, based on existing reduction commitments. In its fifth assessment report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that the land use sector accounts for about 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Of this total, 5.0 to 5.8 GtCO2 e (of which 50% for animal production) while the land use change (. B for example, deforestation, ecosystem conversion) represents 4.3 to 5.5 GtCO2 e. The IPCC has assessed the overall supply mitigation potential in agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) by 7.2 to 10.6 GtCO2 e per year by 2030. To reach the UNFCCC target of 1.5 degrees Celsius, the global emission gap is 7 gtCO2 e more by 2030. This is a major transformation that requires the widespread use of proven policy instruments, such as CO2 taxation systems, cap-and-trade systems, feed-in tariffs and quotas for the remainder of the current decade. This transformation also includes the universal development of decarbonization strategies for all cities and large industrialized enterprises, increased national commitments to carbon neutrality and appropriate strategies for a sustainable food system. Major changes would occur between 2020 and 2030, when economic systems are expected to improve energy efficiency through carbon pricing and taxation, and public and private investment in climate research and development is expected to increase by an order of magnitude, including bioenergy with CCS (BECCS) or direct-air CCS.
Between 2030 and 2040, all construction work will have to become carbon neutral or negative, coal will be removed and BECCS programmes will be implemented. Between 2040 and 2050, national commitments on net CO2 emissions will be met and beCCS systems strengthened. For the energy sector, market trends for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources are positive, with a steady increase in wind and solar capacity. However, the postponement of electricity production auctions planned for 2020, combined with the decline in energy demand during the COVID-19 crisis, could undermine the competitiveness of solar and wind companies, which are often much smaller than their fossil fuel competitors. The political situation during the Brazilian takeover of COVID 19 could ultimately limit the possibilities of long-term decarbonization of the economy by infiltrating Brazil in a carbon-intensive energy infrastructure. One of the obvious reasons for concern is the planning of Brazil`s energy infrastructure, which continues to unnecessarily supply fossil fuels, including coal and gas.