Security Holder Agreement

A security agreement may be oral if the guaranteed party (the lender) is in possession of the guarantees. If the guarantee is physically held by the borrower or if the guarantee is an intangible value (. For example, a patent, [1) of claims or a debt title), the guarantee agreement must be made in writing to comply with the fraud law. The security contract must be authenticated by the debtor, i.e. it must bear the debtor`s signature or be marked electronically. It must provide an appropriate description of the guarantees and use words that show an intention to create an interest in securities (the right to claim repayment of the loan through stolen property). In order for the security contract to be valid, the borrower must normally have rights to the guarantees at the time the contract is implemented. If a borrower promises as collateral a car owned by a neighbour and the neighbour does not know or support this promise, the security agreement is ineffective. However, a security agreement may specify that it contains post-acquired properties. If such a specification is included, then a promise of “all cars in the borrower`s possession” would include the neighbor`s car if the borrower were to buy that car from the neighbor. Under Dutch (Dutch) law, the Dutch civil code designates the guarantee as an agreement by which a third party undertakes a contractual creditor to comply with a debtor`s contractual obligations.

Such a guarantee agreement is concluded between the surety company and the creditor. The debtor of the guaranteed commitment is not required to participate in such an agreement. It is even possible that such a guarantee agreement will be concluded without the debtor`s knowledge or agreement. Article 7:850 of the Dutch Civil Code is established: 1. A guarantee agreement is an agreement under which one of the parties (hereafter referred to as the guarantee) has committed to the other party (the “creditor”) to fulfil an obligation that a third party (the principal debtor) has owed or returned to the creditor. 2. For the validity of a guarantee agreement, it is not necessary for the principal debtor to know the existence of the guarantee in question. 3. The legal provisions relating to joint and several bonds apply to a bonding contract, as long as the provisions of this security do not deviate from it. With regard to the nature of the commitment guaranteed by a guarantee agreement under Dutch law, Article 7:854 of the Dutch Civil Code states that if the principal debtor`s guaranteed commitment relates to a benefit other than the payment of a sum of money, the surety contract is considered a guarantee of the creditor`s claim on the sum of money. which is attributable to the principal debtor if it has not fulfilled its primary obligation to the creditor, unless the surety agreement expressly provides for something else.

[2] Shareholder agreements differ from the company`s by-law. If the statutes are mandatory and the management of the company`s activity, a shareholders` pact is optional. This document is often developed by and for shareholders and sets out certain rights and obligations.