Disagreements During The Drafting Of The Constitution

The passage of the statutes to the Constitution of the United States has not been smooth and the resolution of the problems of the articles of Confederation has required a series of long debates, both during the Convention and after it. But one thing was for sure, something had to change. Fifty-five delegates met at the 1787 Constitutional Convention to determine how best to adapt the existing document. Philadelphia, the largest city in the American colonies, and adjacent rural areas are shown on this 1752 map. The first illustration of the city`s State House, later called Independence Hall, dominates the upper part of the map. The map also identifies the owners of many individual properties. Philadelphia was essentially the capital of the United States during the Revolutionary War, and the State House was home to the Second Continental Congress and the 1787 Federal Convention. In February 1787, Congress decided that a convention should be convened to revise the articles of the Confederacy, the country`s first constitution. In May, 55 delegates came to Philadelphia, and the Constitutional Convention began. There have been debates about representation in Congress, about slavery and about the new executive branch. The debates lasted four hot and stifling months.

But in the end, delegates reached compromises, and on September 17, they drafted the U.S. Constitution and replaced the articles with the government document that has been working effectively for more than 200 years. Three months after the constitution was signed, Thomas Jefferson wrote to Madison saying it was a serious mistake to omit a bill. “A bill,” he said, “is what the people find against any government on earth.” And many others have agreed. When the Constitution was ratified by the states, many people were opposed to the Constitution simply because it did not contain a bill. In Massachusetts and six other states, ratification conventions have recommended adding a bill with rights to the Constitution. And shortly after the first session of Congress in 1789, he responded to the request of the seven states and approved ten constitutional amendments (designed by James Madison) that became the Bill of Rights. James Madison made it clear during the Convention that the national government established by the Constitution must be a powerful government by 18th century American standards. He declared on 29 June 1787: “From the views of each member, the general government will have powers that go far beyond the powers of the British Parliament when the states were part of the British Empire.” As part of their independence decision, the “United States” advanced to create the first written constitutions in world history.

In addition to drawing up specific outlines of the functioning of their new national governments, most of these state constitutions contained “declarations of law.” These statements expressed in particular the nature of the “inalienable rights” referred to in the Declaration of Independence – rights such as freedom of expression, freedom of religion, jury rights, weapons linked to a “civilian militia” and many others. These state constitutions were bold revolutionary experiments, and in many cases, because they were the first time that state leaders tried to write down how their governments should function, they were far from perfect.