The increasing use of protectionist measures by national heads of state and government would have encouraged the resumption of talks in 2016.  The EU can hope that the agreement is a major break in this global revival of protectionism.  European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker called the agreement the approval of “rules-based trade” at a time of increasing protectionism.  Mercosur could hope to use the agreement as a model for future business in the future.  Mercosur`s presidents have already stated that they want to conclude trade agreements with Canada and EFTA.  Argentine President Mauricio Macri said the agreement with the EU was “not a point of arrival, but a starting point”.  Mercosur as a bloc is currently negotiating bilateral free trade agreements with other blocs such as CARICOM, the Andean Community, the European Union and the Gulf Cooperation Council. She`s also looking for one with the Dominican Republic. 31The results show that regional integration has considerable benefits for all countries in the agreement, significant changes in the patterns of trade and structural adjustments in domestic production.
Overall, exports to intra- and extrahespheric markets are growing for Argentina and Brazil, with efficiency gains and global competitiveness increasing. Guaranteed access to large markets, which allows companies to achieve economies of scale, and the dynamic external effects resulting from trade liberalization enhance profits. 17 External elasticities are key parameters that influence the results of the simulation. We used estimates from Theira and Najberg (2000) on the productivity of Brazilian manufacturing in 1990-1997, the most expansionary phase of the Mercosur integration process. The parameters are estimated on the basis of sectoral trade data for Brazil and applied in the model to other regions of Latin America, adjusted for trade flows with industrialized countries and regions.  In all regions, estimates of the effects of foreign trade are higher in manufacturing than in agricultural sectors. Both of these situations would be a disaster for the Argentine economy. One of the cornerstones of industrial production that is still inefficient is the ability to sell to Brazil at zero tariffs, while competitors have to pay for THE ECTs. If Brazil signs many trade agreements, Argentine companies will be subject to stiff global competition in the Brazilian market, without having the advantage of accessing new markets opened by trade agreements for Brazilian companies. 10The model contains essential elements for an accurate evaluation of Mercosur`s integration policy.